The Placement Of A Comma Or Period After A Quotation

A variant of the same story was known to Guido Bonati, an astronomer quoted by Dante, who calls his hero or villain Butta Deus because he struck Jesus. Farnell, Cults of the Greek States; essay format also article Athena and works quoted. Where figures for 1910 are quoted in this article they are really those of two or three years earlier, collected for the World Conference of 1910.

  • Dividing the quote may highlight a particular nuance of the quote’s meaning.
  • For example, if you take material from the end of a sentence, keep the period in as usual.
  • If you want to borrow an idea from an author, but do not need his or her exact words, you should try paraphrasing instead of quoting.
  • A direct quotation reproduces words verbatim from another work or from your own previously published work.
  • Andaman first appears distinctly in the Arab notices of the 9th century, already quoted.
  • In fact, she notes, “the death toll of Nanking-one Chinese city alone-exceeds the number of civilian casualties of some European countries for the entire war .
  • An awkwardly placed footnote or reference obstructs the flow of your paper.
  • It is not certain that it is quoted in the New Testament, but it appears to be included in Josephus’ list of sacred books.

Notice as well the punctuation of the sentences above in relation to the quotations. If there are no parenthetical citations in the sentences (no author’s name and page number in parentheses), the commas and periods as quoted by in a sentence go inside the final quotation mark (“like this.”). In England, though, the commas and periods go outside of the final punctuation mark. Quotation marks are perhaps the trickiest pair in the world of punctuation.

The Basics Of Quotations

It was not meant for the physicians, and was certainly little read by them, as Celsus is quoted by no medical writer, and when referred to by Pliny, is spoken of as an author not a physician. Cornelius Nepos is quoted for the statement that he was about the same age as how to write a commentary essay Scipio Africanus the younger (born in 185 or 184 B.C.) and Laelius; while Fenestella, an antiquary of the later Augustan period, represented him as older than either. 7), and subsequently among the Manichaeans, and is frequently quoted from Origen downwards (Horn.

as quoted by in a sentence

Several complex polysulphides of ammonium have been isolated, for details of which see Bloxam’s paper quoted above. The interesting observations of Morland, already quoted, seem to have been neglected, and no one attempted to follow in the path which he had pointed out. 31-34, are quoted from the book of Kings and give the older view The example is an illustration of the simple methods of early compilers. C. Cipolla, Storia, della signoria Italiana ,where the original authorities are quoted. The census unwillingly carried out by Joab at the behest of David related exclusively to the fighting men of the community, and the dire consequences ascribed to it were quoted in reprobation of such inquiries as late as the middle of the 18th century. The Priestly Code 3 has a different story to Balaam, in which he advises the Midianites how they may bring disaster on Israel by seducing the people Quoted Neh. According to the words just quoted from the Apocalypse, there was to be a dearth of grain and a superfluity of wine; the price of the wheat was to be seven times the ordinary, according to Reinach’s computation, and that of the barley four times.

History And Etymology For Quote

We use quotation marks with direct quotes, with titles of certain works, to imply alternate meanings, and to write words as words. As long as you do not alter the fundamental meaning of the original passage, it is permissible to make such grammatical and stylistic changes. commentary in an essay To signal to the reader that your modifications are not part of the original passage quoted, such changes and additions are placed in square brackets. Many readers skip over block quotes because they are looking for explanations of the law, rather than mere reprinting.

It is impossible here to do more than indicate the path out of the difficulties raised by Huxley in the letter to Kingsley quoted above. A history of the Druse nation by the amir Haidar Shehab is quoted by Urquhart. The value of the work consists solely in the facts and opinions quoted from earlier writers, for it is purely a compilation, and has little in its literary form to recommend it. We might note besides that it is quoted in the Book of Adam and Eve, the Apocalypse of Moses, the Apocalypse of Paul, the anonymous work De montibus Sina et Sion, the Sibylline Oracles ii. 4, which is sometimes quoted to prove the existence of processions at this date, appears to use procedere in the same way as the above passages; “sl procedendum erit, nunquam magis familiae occupatio obveniat. Eldad is quoted as an authority on linguistic difficulties by the leading medieval Jewish grammarians and lexicographers.

Block Quotes Lengthy Quotes

It’s meant as a placeholder and marks the end of the sentence, not the quote. Fully understanding the context of the words you’re paraphrasing, and citing the source completely, gives an authentic representation of the source and strengthens your argument. Appropriately paraphrasing the ideas of researchers and authors can add strength to your argument. If you are using a long quotation , instead of quotation marks, you should indent the entire quotation five spaces.

Used ineffectively, however, quotations can clutter your text and interrupt the flow of your argument. This handout will help you decide when and how to quote like a pro.

as quoted by in a sentence

Words used as words are usually set off by the use of italics or underlined to indicate italics. The first quotation is a question; the question mark is part of it. Use punctuation marks in combination with ellipses when removing material from the end of sentences or clauses. Be sure that you don’t fundamentally change the meaning of the quotation by omitting material. When setting up a block quotation, indent the entire paragraph once from the left-hand margin. This scenario is probably most common in literature and linguistics courses, but you might also find yourself writing about the use of language in history and social science classes. If the use of language is your primary topic, then you will obviously need to quote users of that language.

Synonyms For Quote

But the address and the expression in the italicized passage just quoted hardly leave room for doubt that the pope supposed himself to be addressing the author of that letter. The edition most frequently quoted is that by the Jesuits (4 vols., Douai, 5624). The passages relating to Map cited above have been frequently quoted by scholars, e.g. The bed-sores which follow paralysis of the limbs are often quoted as proof of the direct trophic action of the nerve-supply upon the tissues, yet even here the evidence is somewhat contradictory. 1 In Aqiba’s time Sirach and other apocryphal books were not reckoned among the Hisonim; for Sirach was largely quoted by rabbis in Palestine till the 3rd century A.D.

In Example 1, the writer omits only those parts of the quotation that are not crucial to the meaning of the text, thereby retaining the central point of the original sentence. In Example 2, the sentence makes sense, but has lost information that is crucial to the meaning of the original text. Place attribution ahead of the quote if the quote represents a change in speakers. When the writer is writing and reporting from a position of authority — the reporter is an expert or, through the reporting, the story reflects the depth of the reporting and that the information presented is coming from authoritative sources). When the attribution is implied because of proximity to information already attributed in the story.

What Is A Lengthy Quote?

They can be particularly effective in a memorandum or brief prepared for a court. Sometimes, one would lose the effectiveness of the quote unless it is left freestanding. In that case, one should disregard the general rule against freestanding quotations. A direct quotation reproduces words verbatim from another work or from your own previously published work. It is best to paraphrase sources rather than directly quoting them because paraphrasing allows you to fit material to the context of your paper and writing style. British publishers tend to put the comma or period after the quotation mark.

Both methods help you to introduce another author ‘s work as a means of strategically improving the persuasiveness of your paper, by providing an example or evidence relevant to a claim that you have made. Use quotation marks around a statement to give the original writer or speaker credit.

” In the paper quoted the numerical values of p are given for different widths of slit, and a table shows to what extent the loss of purity due to a widening of the slit is accompanied by a gain in luminosity. He as quoted by in a sentence endeavoured to prove that early Greek philosophers had borrowed largely from certain parts of Scripture, and quoted from Linus, Orpheus, Musaeus and others, passages which strongly resemble the Mosaic writings.

As authority Thomas cites a certain Breri, who has now been identified with the Bleheris quoted as authority for the Grail and Gawain stories, and the Bledhericus referred to by Giraldus Cambrensis as famosus ille fabulator. The old gentleman in his aristocratic imperiousness frequently reminds us of the amusing directions given by Sir John Wynne to his chaplain, quoted in Pennant’s Tour in Wales. See also works quoted in the biographical articles; Brochard, Les Sceptiques grecs ; Ed. The Martyrdom is quoted by the Opus Imperfectum, Ambrose, Jerome, 1 Published by them in the Amherst Papyri, an account of the reek papyri in the collection of Lord Amherst , and by harles in his edition.

How Do I Style Compound Modifiers That Express Number Ranges?

Quotations are useful when the author is particularly well-known, when you want to add an air of authority to the information, and when the exact words are particularly eloquent or historically significant. A question mark, exclamation point, or dash is placed within the quotation marks when it is part of the quoted material.

Again, you will need to use a comma after the verb, as well as a comma leading into the attribution. If your attribution precedes the quote, you will need to use a comma after the verb. With that message of hope and confidence, the new president set the stage for his next one-hundred days in office and helped restore the faith of the American people in their government. You might want to skip 1.5 times the line-spacing you are using in the document before you begin the quotation and after it. This is optional and depends on the style preferred by your instructor. Double indent the quotation — that means adjusting the left and right margins so that they are about one inch smaller than the main body of your paper. If your lead-in to the quotation ends in that or as, don’t follow it with a comma.